This is part of my series on Raising Venture Capital.
There’s an old saying that if I’m talking with you and I start the conversation by saying, “whatever you do, DO NOT think about Elephants” then you can’t help but thinking about elephants while we’re speaking. It’s called “The Elephant in the Room” and there’s a lot of truth in this adage. I sometimes call these White Elephants.
Many businesses that pitch to me have White Elephant issues and I’d like to tell you how to deal with these when you’re raising venture capital. White Elephant issues are those things that the VC would automatically be thinking about when you’re speaking but he/she may not immediately ask you about either for legal reasons or out of courtesy.
But the VC is thinking about the issue whether you address it or not. I’d like to separate these from “skeletons in your closet” which are issues that the VC would have no idea about when you’re meeting but might discover later during due diligence. I will talk about how to deal with skeletons in my next post – this post only covers issues that the VC will for sure be thinking in your first meeting.
Let me give you some (real) examples:
– You were an EIR at a VC firm who isn’t funding your current company
– You have a “strategic investor” who wants to invest in your B round as long as a financial investor will lead. Your A round investors are not stepping up
– You raised $1.5 million for a social networking site 18 months ago. Today you have 2,000 users.
– You haven’t been able to resolve who’s going to run the company so you’re raising money as “co-CEO’s”
– The person who founded the company is no longer working for the company
– Google has announced that they are planning to compete with you
– You’re raising money but the CEO is not in the room (e.g. you’re the ex CEO, VP Biz Dev or some other title)
Each of these scenarios are real-life situations I’ve seen where no matter what the person across the table from me is saying that thought – that White Elephant – is hard to completely get out of my mind. I’m not saying that they can’t be overcome – but avoid them at your peril.
There is only one way to deal with your White Elephants – head on. Don’t pretend it isn’t in the room. Know in advance what you’re going to say and don’t wait for the VC to bring it up. When VC’s bring up White Elephants they feel like they’re “catching you out” and you’ve lost the high ground. When you bring them up you take the issue off the table. I can’t say that they’ll get over the issue, but they won’t hold it against you for not bringing it up.
Getting Around the Marathon Runner in the Room
Small story. I used to work in the UK. It was 2003 and I was training for a marathon so I was in great shape (yes, I know this was YEARS ago but I did complete it in 3:57). I was looking for a person to head up my UK sales team. I hired an executive recruiter and had 7 finalist candidates that I interviewed.
One of the people who came to see me was named Nick. I don’t know exactly how much he weighed but it had to be at least 350+ pounds – maybe more (I’m a bad judge). Anyone who knows me well knows that not only am I not “weight-ist” (or whatever the right term would be) but also that I will quickly reprimand people who talk in a derogatory way about people who are overweight.
In this scenario, there was NO WAY I could sit across from this individual without noticing that he was larger than even a normally overweight person.
Within the first 5 minutes of the meeting we had discussed that I was training for a marathon. He made several jokes about how he wasn’t running a marathon any time soon. But he also used to opportunity to emphasize that he is full of stamina, works late and hard and had always performed well in his previous sales leadership roles for which he’s be happy to provide pay slips as proof.
He took the issue off the table. He disarmed me. He got his talking points in. And in the end I hired him. I would like to think that this would have been the outcome regardless. I’ll never know. But as a sales person you have to be able to build rapport.
I recently met with a firm that raised $4 million in an angel round (some friends & family this guy had!). But they didn’t have any revenue or enough traction to show for it. Instead of BS’ing me he said, “we spent 18 months building out our product and a set of graphic editing tools when we realized we had developed in the wrong platform. We rebuilt everything in Flash and now have a better product. So we know that our valuation will be lower than others who would have already raised $4 million.” He then went on to describe a phenomenal set of biz dev partnerships that they had signed and showed me a very cool product. Issue off the table. White Elephant out of the room.
Elephants are Everywhere
White Elephants also exist in normal everyday business. If you’re in front of a customer and you had some very public bad press that week don’t pretend it didn’t exist. Many people Google you before meetings. If you’re going to see a client and somebody else in their organization is having big customer service issues, don’t sweep in under the rug. Deal with your White Elephants.
From the VC perspective, before you go out to raise money think about whether you have White Elephants. If you do, make sure you write them out and think about what you’re answers will be. Make sure everyone on your team who will attend the meeting knows the script. When you’re dealing with White Elephants you can’t waiver.
Also remember, White Elephants are things that would (or could) easily be known about your company. Issues that couldn’t possibly be known without “discovery” I call “skeletons in your clost” and I’ll deal with those in the next post. The rules above don’t apply.